This is a study looking at incidence and risk factors for poor ankle functional recovery, and the development and progression of post-traumatic ankle osteoarthritis after significant ankle ligament injury.
Longitudinal prospective cohort questionnaire study
Patients of 18 yrs and older, with isolated ankle injuries, who meet the Ottawa Ankle Rules positive (OAR+) criteria (Buffalo modification), but are negative for a significant ankle fracture on subsequent x-ray, will be included in the study.
Identification and characterization of the clinical toxicology of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) by laboratory analysis of biological samples from recreational drug users.
Identification of Novel Psychoactive Substances (IONA)
1. Ambulatory Device, Rocket Pleural vent insertion
2. Standard Treatment, Aspiration +/- chest drain
Primary Outcome Measures
To assess whether use of an ambulatory device (Rocket Pleural Vent) and treatment strategy reduces hospital stay. Total length of stay in hospital up to 30 days post randomisation. Up to 30 days post randomisation.
RAMPP trial - Randomised Controlled Trial: Pleural vent (rocket) V standard care in Primary Spontaneous Pnuemothorax